Dr. John LARLEE

Male 1740 - Abt 1814


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  • Name John LARLEE  [1, 2, 3, 4
    Title Dr. 
    Born Between 1735 and 1740  France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died Abt 1814  Northampton, Carleton, New Brunswick, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Person ID I214  The Descendants of Dr. John Larlee
    Last Modified 6 May 2014 

    Family Margaret BARKER,   b. 10 Jun 1746, Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 08 Feb 1842, Sheffield, Sunbury County, New Brunswick, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 95 years) 
    Married Abt 1766  New Brunswick, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Mary LARLEE,   b. Abt 1772, Burton, Sunbury County, New Brunswick, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1822, Unknown Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     2. Margaret LARLEE,   b. Abt 1774,   d. UNKNOWN  [natural]
    +3. John LARLEE,   b. Abt 1777, Burton or Maugerville, Sunbury County, New Brunswick, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Feb 1860, New Brunswick, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
    +4. Susanna LARLEE,   b. Abt 1778, Maugerville, 1653974, New Brunswick, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Sep 1852, Richmond, Carleton County, New Brunswick, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
    +5. Samuel LARLEE,   b. Abt 1780, Sunbury, New Brunswick, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. UNKNOWN  [natural]
    +6. Jane LARLEE,   b. 1781, Burton, Sunbury County, New Brunswick, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Aug 1853, Northampton, York County, New Brunswick, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
    +7. Elizabeth LARLEE,   b. 19 Apr 1786, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Nov 1859, Wilmot, Nova Scotia, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)  [natural]
    +8. Rosanna LARLEE,   b. 17 Sep 1793, Nb Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jan 1887, Jacksontown, Carleton County, New Brunswick, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 93 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 14 Jan 2019 
    Family ID F81  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Custom Events John LARLEE 
    Birth 1735  France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2

  • Notes 
    • Very little is known about John Larlee's origins except that he was born in France and was a Huguenot and that he came to Canada most likely sometime in the 1750's. The family lore has always been that when he came to Canada, John changed his n name to Larlee. Emma Mae Earle, in her book Footprints of New Brunswick, makes reference to the French name L'Arvis, but I have not been able to find any other references to this surname. However, from my understanding of social history in ththe 18th century, I believe I can extrapolate some basic background for John. John Larlee was probably a younger son of a Huguenot family who was at least well to do and possibly landed gentry. I believe he was born sometime between 1735 and 1740. He probably attended a university and may have studied medicine. From my (albeit limited) reading of 18th century medicine, I think it's more likely that he was a surgeon rather than a physician. Once his training was complete, John may have found life difficult in France since Louis IV had rescinded most of the privileges extended to the Huguenots following the Religious Wars. I have found two references that present two possibilities for his presence in Canada: From t the book Three Spades Deep: The Stronach Saga by Anne Stronach Crocker: "Margaret's mother [Elizabeth] was the daughter of Dr. Larley of France, (according to a booklet, "Reunion of the Family of Parker and Lily Bent, 1980") who was a surgeon in Montcalm's army in Quebec. Dr. Larley was connected to the Royal Family of Bourbon." From the book A history of the Canadian west to 1870-71; being a history of Rupert's Lane (the Hudson's Bay Company's territory) and of the North-West TeTerritory (including the Pacific slope) by Arthur Silver Morton, page 254: "In1757 La Corne's Fort St. Louis was closed; in 1759, Fort Paskoyac. That summer a Frenchman name Jean-Baptiste Larlee came down from this last post to York Fort to seek employment. He was sent off to England. He reported that the two posts on the Saskatchewan were closed, but that Frenchmen were building where Henday had proposed that the Company should open a post (at Moose Lake). By 1760 all the French posts on the Saskatchewan were closed." A second reference in the book on page 267 states that he was "taken into the service" but does not indicate what he did. These references have not been fully verified. I am waiting for further informmation from the Hudson's Bay Company archives and I have contacted a separate source regarding the Bent booklet. It is possible that John Larlee was a surgeon in Montcalm's army. Where a civilian practice may have been difficult to obtain, his services would have been welcome to the army, especially since this would have been about the time the Seven Years War (the French-Indian War in North America) was beginning. By the end of 1759, Montcalm was dead and the French in disarray. I suspect many of the surviving French soldiers remained in Canada after the war. On the other hand, if John Larlee was the same Jean-Baptiste Larlee who showed up at York Fort in the summer of 1759, I don't see how he could have been wiith Montcalm's army. Fort Paskoyac was located on the Saskatchewan River and York Factory II (the York Fort open at that time) was located on Hudson's Bay in what is now Manitoba. Both locations are well east of Montreal and there couldn't have been much, if any, fighting going on there. That would mean that John would have traveled to Canada on his own and possibly joined the ranks of the Coureur de Bois (woods runners) who were fur traders without licenses to trade. If he did, hi his skills as a surgeon would have been welcome on their trips into the interior to trade with the Indians. It would also have been an opportunity to earn the money necessary to start a practice or purchase property allowing him to settle downn. As the French lost ground and forts were closed, this life would have gotten harder bringing him to the York Fort and the English. By 1760 the actual fighting of the war was over and the authorities in Halifax, Nova Scotia were actively seeking settlers for all the new land now available. They sent out proclamations to both Great Britain and the colonies to the south. The greatest initial response came from the colonies. One group in particular was from Essex County in Massachusetts. The first group of settlers arrived in 1763 and formed the beginning of the settlement of Maugerville. Among this group were Jacob Barker and his family, including his daughter, Margaret. John Larlee appeared in Maugerville two yeyears later, in 1765. While it is fairly clear that he was not part of the original group from Massachusetts, no doubt his medical skills would have made him welcome. At any rate, when a grant was finally issued to the settlers in October 1765, he was listed as one of the grantees. Searching the Grantbook Database: Results LALLE, JOHN Volume: A, page 122, Grant number 89 Original province of registration: Nova Scotia Nova Scotia registration date: 1765/10/31 New Brunswick registration date: 1785/02/07 Accompanying plan: No Acreage: 500 acres Place and County: MAUGERVILLE, Sunbury County Comments: Sometime after receiving the grant John Larlee married Margaret Barker probably between 1766 and 1770, however, no reecord of their marriage has been found to date. The next record of John Larlee is found in the "Studholm Report." In 1783, Guilford Studholm, who was the Commander of Fort Howe in Saint John, was faced with having to find land for the influx of Loyalists arriving from the newly formed United States. He sent a party of men up the Saint John River with instructions to find out who was settled in the various townships, what title they might have to those lands and what their loyaltiies to the crown might be. In the report for the Township of Burton is the following: "9. John Larley has a wife and 5 children, been on about 16 years, built 2 or 3 log houses or buildings and cleared about 15 acres of land. His character good as a subject." This information would seem to indicate that John sold his property in Maugerville about 1768 and moved across the river. In any case, in 1787 he was granted 201 acres in Burton. Searching the Grantbook Database: Results LARLEE, JOHN Volume: B, page 12, Grant number 103 Original province of registration: New Brunswick Nova Scotia registration date: ----- New Brunswick registration date: 1787/02/06 Accompanying plan: No Acreage: 201 acres Place and County: BURTON PARISH, Sunbury County Comments: In 1788, John sold his property and moved to Northampton Parish, Carleton County, where he was reputed to be the only doctor for about 30 years. Searching the Grantbook Database: Results Larley, John Sr. Volume: F, page 351, Grant number 660 Original province of registration: New Brunswick Nova Scotia registration date: New Brunswick registration date: 1813/06/07 Accompanying plan: n Acreage: 225 acres Place and County: Northaampton, York County Comments: 32 others He was there in 1789 when Rev. John Beardsley, the Anglican minister at Maugerville, traveled up river. Rev. Beardsley stopped in at a number of the homes, baptizing over forty children and adults frorom the families he visited. All seven of John's children were baptized according to records from the Maugerville Anglican Church. Six were baptized on August 3, 1789, the seventh, Elizabeth, was baptized on September 17, 1789. Rosanna had nonot been born yet. John appears to have remained in Northampton until his death. There are references that state he traveled extensively up and down the river treating the sick and injured. After his death, it is possible that Margaret went to live with her daughter, Jane. Margaret lived to the age of 96 and died in 1842. She was buried with her daughter, Jane, and son-in-law, Joseph. -------------------------------- REFERENCES (Not indicated in narrative): Provincial Archives of New Brunswick, 1999-2000. http://gnb.ca/archives/default.htm Irene Doyle, http://members.tripod.com/~GenNB/hampton.htm Helen M. Morar, http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/m/o/r/Helen-M-Morar/GENE4-0001.html Maugerville Anglican Church - Christenings = 1787-1805 / 1801-1802 / 1845-1878; http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~nbpast/Church/maug-chr.htm
      Deed: 13 Aug 1788 Burton, Sunbury, New Brunswick. Source: Deeds and Mortgages, FHL Film 859578, Sunbury County, New Brunswick (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1971. Microfilm of manuscript (hand and typewritten) at New Brunswick Museum, St. John, New Brunswick.), Hubbard Papers - Shelf 28, Box 2a, item #16.
      Sunbury Co. on the 29th day of September 1788, personally appeared before me John MERFORCAN? Esq. one of his Majesty's Judges of the Interior Court in the County of Sunbury, Margaret LARL Wife of John LARLE & she being examined, separate and apart from her said Husband, acknowledged the signed, sealed & delivered the? witihin Deed without any fear, threat or compulsion of her said Husband. [signed] John MERFORCAN?.

      This Indenture made the thirteenth day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty eight Between John LARLEE of the Parish of Burton in the County of Sunbury and Province of New Brunswick, Physician of the one part and William HUBBARD of the same Parish, County and Province, Esquire of the other part, Witnesseth that the said John LARLEE for and in Consideration of the Sum of Sixty-five pounds lawful money of tyhe said Province of New Brunswick to him in hannd paid before the sealing and delivery of these presents the receipt Whereof is hereby acknowledged, hath granted, bargained and sold aliened?, conveyed, released and confirmed, and by these Presents doth grant, bargain and sell, alien, releasese, convey and confirm unto the said William HUBBARD his Heirs and Assigns all that tract piece or parcel of Land Situate lying and being in the Parish of Burton in the County of Sunbury and Province of New Brunswick aforesaid known and expressed [...p2]

      [Item #16/ p.2] in the Grant of the lower part of Burton by Lot No. 37 being thirty one rods or poles on a right line from North West to South-East on the lower side of Said Lot No. 37 and beginning nine rods or Poles from the lower side of Loot No. 38 now belonging to the said William HUBBARD containing by estimation eighty six acres be the same more or less and bounded as follows to wit on the North East by the River Saint John, on the South East by Lot No. 36 lately granted to said John LARLEE and now in possession of Jacob BARKER senr X Daniel JEWITT, on the South West by ungranted land and on the North West by Lands now owned by said William HUBBARD together will all and singular the Houses, Buildings, Ways, Passages, Woods, Water, water courses, Edifices, Profits, Privileges, Advantages, [___ditaments?] and appurtenances whatsoever to the said tract of land and premises belonging or in anywise appertaining and all the rights, title, interest equity claim and demand whatsoever of the said John LARLEE in and to the [...p2]

      [Item #16/ p.3] same to have and to hold the said tract piece or parcel of Land and all and singular the premises hereby conveyed with the appurtenances to the said William HUBBARD his heirs and assigns forever - to the only use benefit and behalf of him the said William HUBBARD his Heirs and assigns forever and the said John LARLEE for himself his Hiers Execution and Administration doth grant covenant and agree to and with the said William HUBBARD his Heirs and assigns by these presents that he the said John LARLEE is seized of the said granted tract of land and premises in his own right as of a good and indeferable estate of inheritance in fee simple that the same are free and clear of and from all manner of incumbrances whatsoever (Rents Conditions and Services Due and reserved to the King only excepted) that he the said John LARLEE hath good right full power and lawful authority to Grant bargain and sell the same in form and manner aforesaid - that he the said W William HUBBARD his Heirs and assigns shall and may lawfully peacably and quietly, have hold possess and enjoy the same without the eviction, let, rent? or molestation of any person or persons whatsoever, and that the said John LARLEE, his Heirs Executors and Administrators will forever warrant secure and defend the said granted premises with the [...p4]

      [Item #16/ p.4] appurtenances to him the said William HUBBARD his Heirs and assigns to hold as aforesaid against all lawful demands whatsoever - In Witness whereof the said John LARLEE hath here unto set his Hand & Seal the day and year just above written - and also Margaret Wife of the said John LARLEE in consideration of five shillings to her in hand paid by the said William HUBBARD and for divers other good causes and considerations, her thereto moving hath granted, conveyed, removoved and released and doth by these presents, grant, convey [_____?] and release and forever quit claim to him the said William HUBBARD his heirs and assigns to hold as aforesaid all the right, to the interest equity claim and demand of dower and thirds and other estate whatsoever which the said Margaret hath or hereafter may or shall have of in and unto the above granted premises with their appurtenances. In Witness whereof she hath hereunto set her hand and seal the day and year last aforesaid.
      Signed, Sealed and delivered [signed] John LARL [+ a mark: thumbprint?]
      in presence of us
      [signed] B. WICKHAM her
      [signed] Nath el HUBBARD Margaret X LARLE [+ a mark: thumbprint?]
      mark

      Margaret LARLEE Signed
      Sealed and delivered
      in presence of us
      [signed] Gab l DeVeber

      [The following is written, then crossed off]:
      Sunbury Co: on the [large space] 1788 personally appeared before me John MERFORCAN? Esq. one of the Judges of the Interior Court for the County of Sunbury. Margaret LARLE wife of John LARLEE she being named separate & apart from husband.

      [Then this is written below that]:
      Sunbury fr: September 15/88. John LARLE, the Grantor appeared before me, and acknowledged that he signed sealed and delivered the within Instrument as his [____?] due and further Margaret LARLE, wife of the Grantor acknowledged that she d sealed and delivered the same in as her voluntary act and Deed, without any threats, or compulsion from her husband.
      [signed] Gab l DeVeber, Justice of Peace
      Book B to 266, 247, 248 + 249

      Very little is known about John Larlee's origins except that he was born in France and was a Huguenot and that he came to Canada most likely sometime in the 1750's. The family lore has always been that when he came to Canada, John changed his n name to Larlee. Emma Mae Earle, in her book Footprints of New Brunswick, makes reference to the French name L'Arvis, but I have not been able to find any other references to this surname. However, from my understanding of social history in the 18th century, I believe I can extrapolate some basic background for John.

      John Larlee was probably a younger son of a Huguenot family who was at least well to do and possibly landed gentry. I believe he was born sometime between 1735 and 1740. He probably attended a university and may have studied medicine. From my (albeit limited) reading of 18th century medicine, I think it's more likely that he was a surgeon rather than a physician. Once his training was complete, John may have found life difficult in France since Louis IV had rescinded most of the privileges extended to the Huguenots following the Religious Wars. I have found two references that present two possibilities for his presence in Canada:

      From the book Three Spades Deep: The Stronach Saga by Anne Stronach Crocker:
      "Margaret's mother [Elizabeth] was the daughter of Dr. Larley of France, (according to a booklet, "Reunion of the Family of Parker and Lily Bent, 1980") who was a surgeon in Montcalm's army in Quebec. Dr. Larley was connected to the Royal Family of Bourbon."

      From the book A history of the Canadian west to 1870-71; being a history of Rupert's Lane (the Hudson's Bay Company's territory) and of the North-West Territory (including the Pacific slope) by Arthur Silver Morton, page 254:
      "In1757 La Corne's Fort St. Louis was closed; in 1759, Fort Paskoyac. That summer a Frenchman name Jean-Baptiste Larlee came down from this last post to York Fort to seek employment. He was sent off to England. He reported that the two postts on the Saskatchewan were closed, but that Frenchmen were building where Henday had proposed that the Company should open a post (at Moose Lake). By 1760 all the French posts on the Saskatchewan were closed." A second reference in the book on page 267 states that he was "taken into the service" but does not indicate what he did.

      These references have not been fully verified. I am waiting for further information from the Hudson's Bay Company archives and I have contacted a separate source regarding the Bent booklet.

      It is possible that John Larlee was a surgeon in Montcalm's army. Where a civilian practice may have been difficult to obtain, his services would have been welcome to the army, especially since this would have been about the time the Seven Years War (the French-Indian War in North America) was beginning. By the end of 1759, Montcalm was dead and the French in disarray. I suspect many of the surviving French soldiers remained in Canada after the war.

      On the other hand, if John Larlee was the same Jean-Baptiste Larlee who showed up at York Fort in the summer of 1759, I don't see how he could have been with Montcalm's army. Fort Paskoyac was located on the Saskatchewan River and York Factory II (the York Fort open at that time) was located on Hudson's Bay in what is now Manitoba. Both locations are well east of Montreal and there couldn't have been much, if any, fighting going on there. That would mean that John would have traveled to Canada on his own and possibly joined the ranks of the Coureur de Bois (woods runners) who were fur traders without licenses to trade. If he did, his skills as a surgeon would have been welcome on their trips into the interior to trade with the Indians. It would also have been an opportunity to earn the money necessary to start a practice or purchase property allowing him to settle down. As the French lost ground and forts were closed, this life would have gotten harder bringing him to the York Fort and the Engli

      By 1760 the actual fighting of the war was over and the authorities in Halifax, Nova Scotia were actively seeking settlers for all the new land now available. They sent out proclamations to both Great Britain and the colonies to the south. The greatest initial response came from the colonies. One group in particular was from Essex County in Massachusetts. The first group of settlers arrived in 1763 and formed the beginning of the settlement of Maugerville. Among this group were Jacob Barker and his family, including his daughter, Margaret. John Larlee appeared in Maugerville two years later, in 1765. While it is fairly clear that he was not part of the original group from Massachusetts, no doubt his medical skills would have made him welcome. At any rate, when a grant was finally issued to the settlers in October 1765, he was listed as one of the grantees.

      Searching the Grantbook Database: Results
      LALLE, JOHN
      Volume: A, page 122, Grant number 89
      Original province of registration: Nova Scotia
      Nova Scotia registration date: 1765/10/31
      New Brunswick registration date: 1785/02/07
      Accompanying plan: No
      Acreage: 500 acres
      Place and County: MAUGERVILLE, Sunbury County
      Comments:

      Sometime after receiving the grant John Larlee married Margaret Barker probably between 1766 and 1770, however, no record of their marriage has been found to date.

      The next record of John Larlee is found in the "Studholm Report." In 1783, Guilford Studholm, who was the Commander of Fort Howe in Saint John, was faced with having to find land for the influx of Loyalists arriving from the newly formed United States. He sent a party of men up the Saint John River with instructions to find out who was settled in the various townships, what title they might have to those lands and what their loyalties to the crown might be. In the report for the Township of Burton is the following:

      "9. John Larley has a wife and 5 children, been on about 16 years, built 2 or 3 log houses or buildings and cleared about 15 acres of land. His character good as a subject."

      This information would seem to indicate that John sold his property in Maugerville about 1768 and moved across the river. In any case, in 1787 he was granted 201 acres in Burton.

      Searching the Grantbook Database: Results
      LARLEE, JOHN
      Volume: B, page 12, Grant number 103
      Original province of registration: New Brunswick
      Nova Scotia registration date: -----
      New Brunswick registration date: 1787/02/06
      Accompanying plan: No
      Acreage: 201 acres
      Place and County: BURTON PARISH, Sunbury County
      Comments:

      In 1788, John sold his property and moved to Northampton Parish, Carleton County, where he was reputed to be the only doctor for about 30 years.

      Searching the Grantbook Database: Results
      Larley, John Sr.
      Volume: F, page 351, Grant number 660
      Original province of registration: New Brunswick
      Nova Scotia registration date:
      New Brunswick registration date: 1813/06/07
      Accompanying plan: n
      Acreage: 225 acres
      Place and County: Northampton, York County
      Comments: 32 others

      He was there in 1789 when Rev. John Beardsley, the Anglican minister at Maugerville, traveled up river. Rev. Beardsley stopped in at a number of the homes, baptizing over forty children and adults from the families he visited. All seven of John's children were baptized according to records from the Maugerville Anglican Church. Six were baptized on August 3, 1789, the seventh, Elizabeth, was baptized on September 17, 1789. Rosanna had not been born yet.

      John appears to have remained in Northampton until his death. There are references that state he traveled extensively up and down the river treating the sick and injured. After his death, it is possible that Margaret went to live with her daughter, Jane. Margaret lived to the age of 96 and died in 1842. She was buried with her daughter, Jane, and son-in-law, Joseph.

      --------------------------------
      REFERENCES (Not indicated in narrative):
      Provincial Archives of New Brunswick, 1999-2000. http://gnb.ca/archives/default.htm
      Irene Doyle, http://members.tripod.com/~GenNB/hampton.htm
      Helen M. Morar, http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/m/o/r/Helen-M-Morar/GENE4-0001.html
      Maugerville Anglican Church - Christenings = 1787-1805 / 1801-1802 / 1845-1878; http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~nbpast/Church/maug-chr.htm

  • Sources 
    1. [S20] Ancestry Family Trees, (Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.;), Ancestry Family Trees.

    2. [S20] Ancestry Family Trees, (Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.;), Database online.
      Record for John Larlee

    3. [S20] Ancestry Family Trees, (Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.;), Database online.
      Record for John LARLEE

    4. [S23] Descendents of John Spofford, Helen M. Morar, (Name: Family Tree Maker Genealogy Report;).


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